What are the three elements of landscape architecture?

The line is used to carry the view across a landscape and to create physical flow and connectivity. Vertical lines lead the eye to the sky and are useful for expanding small spaces. In design, mass is a measure of visual size. Form refers to the shapes of objects in a landscape.

The shape contrasts with the lines of the landscape by integrating a third dimension. Although the lines are two-dimensional, the shape analyzes the general three-dimensional shape of the elements. The shapes of objects can create a formal space when they have an axial design, or an informal area can have less defined free forms. These seemingly abstract terms may be disconcerting to you.

They can make you wonder how they can guide something so tangible, like your backyard. Let these act as guidelines for your landscape. Color is a simple and essential element in our daily lives, while in landscaping it is very complex. Color tends to express a specific taste of a person or designer.

Warm colors such as reds, oranges and yellows tend to advance towards the viewer, while cooler tones, such as blues, violets and greens, tend to fade into the background. Warm colors impact the eye faster than cold colors. Warm and cold color combinations have different visual impacts on the landscape. Color is an important design consideration for both the soft landscape and the harsh landscape.

The color of the foliage and the inflorescence create an environment. Therefore, the color composition must be contextualized together with the seasons on several levels and presented to form a harmonious design. Therefore, when trying to create a sequence of harmony through color, the details of plant species, such as flowers, fruits, changes in leaves and seasons, must be taken into account, together with the principles of color. The lines can be real (real) or implicit (perceived).

The lines are related to the movement or flow of the eye. They can be created vertically, horizontally, or curvilinear. The lines are created vertically depending on the height of the species or of the trees, shrubs or ground cover in the landscape arrangement. Horizontal and curvilinear lines are created depending on the landscape plane.

Therefore, the arrangement and sequence of the plants are dictated by the lines used in creating landscape design. Perceived lines are formed based on a series so that it appears that a line is implicit. After the arrangement of plants, the habit of the species may dictate lines implicit in the design. The concept of lines and their creation depend on the purpose of the design.

Whether as simple as walkways or as individualistic as herb garden designs, lines are fundamental elements that guide your design. The form is closely related to the line. The line is formed with the outline or border of the plant material or objects in a design, while the shape is more comprehensive. Shape refers to the shape of a plant.

Shape comes into play by placing plants according to their habit, which can be linear, upright, extended, drooping, etc. Plants can change their appearance very well depending on whether they are grouped or planted individually. The shape is associated with three-dimensional objects such as trees and shrubs. Therefore, the composition of the design, when viewed as a whole, can be composed of grouped or individual forms of several plant species to adapt to the way the design results.

Scale refers to the size of an object or objects in relation to the environment. Because it's so relative, it's about “does it look good? The scale and the proportion must be seen in context. Plants in landscape design must have a sense of size or of individual components in relation to groups. Understand that the size of trees and shrubs must complement the structure with which you surround them.

For example, a five-foot wall wouldn't look right next to a mansion. The frame must fit the image. Adapting to a sense of scale and proportion, in turn, can create unity and harmony in design. Instead of abrupt changes in height and size, there would be a gradual transition that creates a harmonious coexistence with structure and landscape.

Texture is a subtle but important element of landscape design. The roughness or fineness of a leaf or the texture of the bark, or even the heaviness of the foliage, play a role in the overall appearance of the design. The texture of plants differs between leaves, twigs, branches, bark and even flowers. Contrasting textures add interest to the landscape and play an important role.

Visually, the shape and surface of plant leaves tend to give the difference in texture. Therefore, if we divide the texture into thick, medium and fine, landscape design must use the texture to try to achieve a balance of the three types in the different spaces. When placing a thick-leaved tree, balance it by placing a tree or shrub with medium bark or leaves to create a smooth transition in the viewer's eye. Or play with a contrasting texture.

Avoid sticking with the same type, as it can lead to a rather dull looking result. The purpose of using all the elements of the landscape is to create a visual attraction. This will direct the viewer's attention in a way that is most conducive to appreciating their home and landscape together. For example, take a look at your current landscape and see if you're taking full advantage of the potential of your land.

Visual attraction is based on the color, line, shape, scale and texture of the landscape. Activate your 30-day free trial to unlock unlimited reading. Activate your 30-day free trial to continue reading. The shape is created by a contour that encloses a space, and the shape is the three-dimensional mass of that shape.

The shape is found both in hard landscapes and in plants, and it is usually the dominant visual element that spatially organizes the landscape and often determines the style of the garden. The shape of garden structures, flower beds and ornaments also determine the overall theme of garden shape. Formal geometric shapes include circles, squares, and polygons. Informal and naturalistic forms include meandering lines, organic borders, and fragmented edges.

Plants create shape in the garden through their contours or silhouettes, but the shape can also be defined by an empty or negative space between the plants. Unity is achieved by bringing together elements and characteristics to create a coherent character in the composition. Landscapes organized with predictable patterns (signs of human care) are easier to read and tend to make people feel comfortable. Studying how the elements and principles have been applied in an existing design that appeals to you is a good starting point.

Regardless of the design features you choose to use, renovating your home's landscape is a phenomenal way to increase the value of your property and provide outdoor places to rest and entertain. Repetition is created by the repeated use of elements or features to create patterns or a sequence in the landscape. The elements (visual qualities), the line, the shape, the texture, the color and the visual weight, and the principles (guidelines), the proportion, the order, the repetition and the unity of the design, are used to create spaces, connect them and make them visually pleasing to the eye. The elements of composition are the visual qualities that people see and respond to when they see a space.

These principles are the pillars of success in landscape architecture, they lay the foundations for building its elements. To create complete landscapes is to maintain the balance between the elements of the hard landscape and the soft landscape, to balance the shapes and to create the desired impacts of the spaces within the landscape. Bed lines connect plant material to the house and the hard landscape because the eye follows the line and moves the gaze across the landscape. Psychological comfort is also affected by the sense of pleasure that the viewer perceives from a unified or harmonious landscape.

Figure 1 shows common landscape lines, including bed lines, hardscape lines, road lines, grass lines, and fence lines. . .

Natalie Shimabukuro
Natalie Shimabukuro

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